Skin cancer is the most common of all cancers, with melanoma being the most serious type of skin cancer. Melanoma is a cancer that begins in the cells of our body that produce the color of the skin or pigment, know as melanin. Although, melanoma is the most dangerous of the various skin cancers, it is almost always curable if detected in its early stages.
The most common type of skin cancer is basal-cell carcinoma (BCC), also known as basal-cell cancer. It often appears as a painless raised area of skin. Basal-cell cancer grows slowly and can damage the tissue around it but is unlikely to spread to distant areas or result in death.
Squamous-cell skin cancer is also known as cutaneous squamous-cell carcinoma (cSCC). Squamous-cell is one of the main types of skin cancer along with basal cell cancer, and melanoma. It usually appears as a hard lump with a scaly top but can also form an ulcer or sore. Development is often over months. Squamous-cell skin cancer is more likely to spread to distant areas than basal cell cancer.
Skin Cancer Risks
Factors that may increase the risk of developing non-melanoma and melanoma skin cancers include:
- Pale complexion
- Personal of family history of skin cancer
- Excessive sun exposure
- Unusual moles
- Weakened immune system
- History of severe sunburns
Skin Cancer Symptoms
The various types of skin cancer all have distinct signs and symptoms. For example, signs of melanoma may include a large brownish spot with dark speckles within it or a mole that changes in color, or size or that bleeds. Other skin cancers such as squamous cell carcinoma may development and appear as a hard, red bump or a flat lesion with a scaly surface. If you notice any changes to your skin that worry you, make an appointment with you doctor and he or she can perform a quick test on the formation called a biopsy.
Let us help you
Get back to the things you love doing in life
Bladder cancer usually affects both men and women over 40. When diagnosed early, more treatment options tend to be available.Learn More
The most common causes of bone tumors include abnormal healing of past injuries, radiation therapy, and from other cancers that may have spread.Learn More
Although most brain tumors originate in the brain, some can come from cancers elsewhere in the body, and spread to the brain.Learn More
Certain breast cancers can occur in both women and some men. Early detection is key to a higher treatment success rate.Learn More
Due to the higher rate of diagnosis in older adults, it’s recommended that you get yearly screenings starting at age 50, or younger if your family has a history of cancers.Learn More
Five main types of cancer that can affect a woman's reproductive organs include: cervical, ovarian, uterine, vaginal, and vulvar.Learn More
Head and Neck
Smoking is the biggest factor that contributes to several different head and neck-related cancers.Learn More
Renal cell carcinoma is the most common type of kidney cancer, but is still relatively rare, accounting for about 3% of all cancer diagnoses.Learn More
Leukemia is a cancer that mainly affects any blood-forming tissues, including bone marrow.Learn More
Although it’s considered incurable, there are several viable treatment options to remove tumors and cancerous liver cells.Learn More
The two major types of lung cancer are small-cell and non-small-cell cancer. Causes include smoking, secondhand smoke expose, and family history.Learn More
Effecting the lymphatic system of the body, the main types of lymphoma are Hodgkin’s and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.Learn More
This is a rare cancer that starts in the organ, below the stomach, responsible for aiding in digestion and metabolism.Learn More
Affecting some men as young as 30, prostate cancer symptoms can include difficulty urinating, or no symptoms at all.Learn More
The most common types of skin cancer include melanoma, basal cell, and squamous cell skin carcinoma.Learn More
Rare, yet treatable, risk of stomach cancers is increased by smoking, and the consumption of processed foods high in sodium.Learn More
Affecting men anywhere between 15 and 60, testicular cancer is highly treatable, and can occur in one or both testicles.Learn More